medusa, in psicoanalisi
One example is that of the flag and emblem of Sicily, together with the three legged trinacria. It was chosen because she represents beauty, art, and philosophy. Edward Burne-Jones' Perseus Cycle of paintings and a drawing by Aubrey Beardsley gave way to the twentieth century works of Paul Klee, John Singer Sargent, Pablo Picasso, Pierre et Gilles, and Auguste Rodin's bronze sculpture The Gates of Hell.. Their genealogy is shared with other sisters, the Graeae, as in Aeschylus's Prometheus Bound, which places both trinities of sisters far off "on Kisthene's dreadful plain": Near them their sisters three, the Gorgons, winged "From Gorgon and Ceto, Sthenno, Euryale, Medusa". Elizabeth Johnston's November 2016 Atlantic essay called Medusa the original 'Nasty Woman.' , Classical Greek depiction of Medusa from the fourth century BC, The triple form is not primitive, it is merely an instance of a general tendency... which makes of each woman goddess a trinity, which has given us the. The legend of Perseus beheading Medusa means, specifically, that "the Hellenes overran the goddess's chief shrines" and "stripped her priestesses of their Gorgon masks", the latter being apotropaic faces worn to frighten away the profane. She remained a priestess to Athena after her death and was risen with fresh hair. Another example is the coat of arms of Dohalice village in the Czech Republic.  In a similar manner, the corals of the Red Sea were said to have been formed of Medusa's blood spilled onto seaweed when Perseus laid down the petrifying head beside the shore during his short stay in Ethiopia where he saved and wed his future wife, the lovely princess Andromeda who was the most beautiful woman in the world at that time. Volgens Hesiodus was Medusa die enigste van die Gorgone wat sterflik was. Medusa was beheaded by the Greek hero Perseus, who thereafter used her head, which retained its ability to turn onlookers to stone, as a weapon until he gave it to the goddess Athena to place on her shield. . 1 capitalized [Latin, from Greek Medousa] : a mortal Gorgon who is slain when decapitated by Perseus. Classic Medusa, in contrast, is an Oedipal/libidinous symptom. Probably the feminine present participle of. " Cixous wants to destroy the phallogocentric system, and to empower women's bodies and language. That is to say, there occurred in the early thirteenth century B.C. The only mortal gorgon, whom Perseus killed by cutting off her head. (Pythian Ode 12). Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Since Medusa was the only one of the three Gorgons who was mortal, Perseus was able to slay her while looking at the reflection from the mirrored shield he received from Athena. Furthermore, the poisonous vipers of the Sahara, in the Argonautica 4.1515, Ovid's Metamorphoses 4.770 and Lucan's Pharsalia 9.820, were said to have grown from spilt drops of her blood. Archetypal literary criticism continues to find psychoanalysis useful. ‘Cnidarians have two basic body forms, medusa and polyp.’. The three Gorgon sisters—Medusa, Stheno, and Euryale—were all children of the ancient marine deities Phorcys (or "Phorkys") and his sister Ceto (or "Keto"), chthonic monsters from an archaic world. He received a mirrored shield from Athena, gold, winged sandals from Hermes, a sword from Hephaestus and Hades's helm of invisibility. The blood of Medusa also spawned the Amphisbaena (a horned dragon-like creature with a snake-headed tail). These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'medusa.' Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about medusa. Due to its bizarre and intricate design, the painting is said to complement Caravaggio's unique fascination with … " In the Odyssey xi, Homer does not specifically mention the Gorgon Medusa: Lest for my daring Persephone the dread, Medusa, in Greek mythology, the most famous of the monster figures known as Gorgons.  "You only have to look at the Medusa straight on to see her," writes Cixous.  The name "Medusa" itself is often used in ways not directly connected to the mythological figure but to suggest the gorgon's abilities or to connote malevolence; despite her origins as a beauty, the name in common usage "came to mean monster. According to Ovid, in northwest Africa, Perseus flew past the Titan Atlas, who stood holding the sky aloft, and transformed him into stone when he tried to attack him. She was usually represented as a winged female creature having a head of hair consisting of snakes; unlike the Gorgons, she was sometimes represented as very beautiful. “Medusa.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/medusa. He plays with the concept by replacing Medusa's face with his own, as an indication of his immunity to her dreadful gaze. "Only the Gorgon has the savage, threatening appearance to serve as an immediately recognized symbol of rage and a protector of women's secrets," wrote Wilk. Stephen Wilk, author of Medusa: Solving the Mystery of the Gorgon, questioned Medusa's enduring status among the feminist movement. She's beautiful and she's laughing. , Feminist theorist Hélène Cixous famously tackled the myth in her essay "The Laugh of the Medusa." "Medusa has since haunted Western imagination, materializing whenever male authority feels threatened by female agency," writes Johnston. Medusa has been depicted in several works of art, including: Medusa remained a common theme in art in the nineteenth century, when her myth was retold in Thomas Bulfinch's Mythology. Most sources describe her as the daughter of Phorcys and Ceto, although the author Hyginus makes her the daughter of Gorgon and Ceto.. The gods were well aware of this, and Perseus received help. Jack London uses Medusa in this way in his novel The Mutiny of the Elsinore:. Learn a new word every day.  In this interpretation of Medusa, attempts to avoid looking into her eyes represent avoiding the ostensibly depressing reality that the universe is meaningless. Looking at forbidden mother (in her hair-covered genitals, so to speak) stiffens the subject in illicit desire and freezes him in terror of the Father's retribution. The inclusion of Medusa in the center implies the protection of the goddess Athena, who wore the Gorgon's likeness on her aegis, as said above. As well has having snakes for hair, she was given a serpent-like body and rattlesnake-like tail. "And she's not deadly. Inspired by the #metoo movement, contemporary figurative artist Judy Takács returns Medusa's beauty along with a hashtag stigmata in her portrait, #Me(dusa)too. Harrison's translation states "the Gorgon was made out of the terror, not the terror out of the Gorgon.". In particular, the designer Versace's symbol is reflected through the Medusa-head symbol. In classical antiquity the image of the head of Medusa appeared in the evil-averting device known as the Gorgoneion. Send us feedback.
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