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Based on the commission's recommendations a constitution re-establishing a multi-party system was approved by the exclusive APC Parliament by a 60% majority vote, becoming effective on 1 October 1991. [127] This initiative falls under the Energy Africa access campaign which seeks to provide electricity to 14 different African countries by 2030. The majority of the Kono ethnic group are Christians, though with an influential Muslim minority. [82], Since independence in 1961, Sierra Leone's politics has been dominated by two major political parties: the SLPP and the APC. In May 1962, Sierra Leone held its first general election as an independent nation. Fourteen clubs from across the country compete in the Sierra Leone Premier League. Females, experiencing higher levels of rapes, presented greater signs of depression and anxiety. In October 2000, a UN-approved certification system for exporting diamonds from the country was put in place and led to a dramatic increase in legal exports. The much smaller Vai and Kru peoples are primarily found in Kailahun and Pujehun Districts near the border with Liberia. [73][132], Population density varies greatly within Sierra Leone. A runoff election was held in September 2007, and Ernest Bai Koroma, the candidate of the main opposition APC, was elected president. The national capital Freetown sits on a coastal peninsula, situated next to the Sierra Leone Harbour. The British established Fourah Bay College here in 1827, which rapidly became a magnet for English-speaking Africans on the West Coast. Rhône-Alpes (French: (); Arpitan: Rôno-Arpes; Occitan: Ròse-Aups; Italian: Rodano-Alpi) was an administrative region of France.Since 1 January 2016, it is part of the new region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes. Major General Tarawalie was also a strong loyalist and key supporter of president Momoh. But in May, when nearly all Nigerian forces had left and UN forces were trying to disarm the RUF in eastern Sierra Leone, Sankoh's forces clashed with the UN troops, and some 500 peacekeepers were taken hostage as the peace accord effectively collapsed. [52] Although possessing the full backing of the country's security forces, he called for free and fair elections. The Krios, led by Isaac Wallace-Johnson, opposed the proposals, as they would have resulted in reducing the political power of the Krios in the Colony. Among the soldiers arrested was a little known army Corporal Foday Sankoh, a strong supporter of Bangura. [73] As a result of migration to cities, the population is becoming more urban with an estimated rate of urbanisation growth of 2.9% a year. The Kru predominate in the Kroubay neighbourhood in the capital Freetown. Il 2019 è stato un anno orribile per l'industria italiana ... città di circa 150 mila abitanti vicino Lione. By managing to repress women, men possess greater power and become the decision-maker. [192] Between June and July 2019, the FRCSL trained 1,000 community members from Makeni to be first responders and equipped each trainee with a first aid kit. The country is among the top ten diamond producing nations. One of the first ethnic groups to become educated according to Western traditions, they have traditionally been appointed to positions in the civil service, beginning during the colonial years. Check our other visualizations. The rice is prepared in numerous ways, and topped with a variety of sauces made from some of Sierra Leone's favourite toppings, including potato leaves, cassava leaves, crain crain, okra soup, fried fish and groundnut stew.[214]. Sierra Leone appears on the EU list of prohibited countries with regard to the certification of airlines. Données harmonisées des recensements de la population de 1968 à 2012. On 29 March 1970, Brigadier Bangura was executed by hanging in Freetown. On 19 October 1998 24 soldiers in the Sierra Leone army were executed by firing squad after they were convicted in a court martial in Freetown, some for orchestrating the 1997 coup that overthrew President Kabbah and others for failure to reverse the mutiny.[65]. The large majority of Sierra Leonean Christians are Protestant, of which the largest groups are the Wesleyan _ Methodists. The provincial districts are divided into 149 chiefdoms, which have traditionally been led by paramount chiefs, recognised by the British administration in 1896 at the time of organising the Protectorate of Sierra Leone. Although according to the professor C. Magbaily Fyle this could have been a misinterpretation of historians: according to him, there has been evidence of travellers calling the region Serra Lyoa well before 1462, the year when Sintra first arrived. It is listed among countries of concern for emissions, as having Low Forest Cover with High Rates of Deforestation (LFHD). [46] In November 1951, Margai oversaw the drafting of a new constitution, which united the separate Colonial and Protectorate legislatures and provided a framework for decolonisation. Genoa, il 20 luglio 2019 amichevole col Lione a Gueugnon. [40] With this change, the British began to expand their administration in the region, recruiting British citizens to posts, and pushing Krios out of positions in government and even the desirable residential areas in Freetown. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques, Paris, France, INSEE. In the early 19th century, Freetown served as the residence of the British colonial governor of the region, who also administered the Gold Coast (now Ghana) and the Gambia settlements. [76], Deforestation, both for commercial timber and to make room for agriculture, is the major concern and represents an enormous loss of natural economic wealth to the nation. The Sierra Leone Islamic Supreme Council, is the highest Islamic religious organisation in Sierra Leone and is made up of the country's Imams, Islamic scholars, and other Islamic clerics across the country. The soldiers immediately released Koroma from prison and installed him as their chairman and Head of State. Domanda: Qual è la popolazione di Lione? [151] Shia Islam does not have strong present in Sierra Leone, and there are virtually no Shia Muslims in the country. Riots in 1955 and 1956 involved "many tens of thousands" of Sierra Leonians in the protectorate.[43]. Krio culture reflects the Western culture and ideals within which many of their ancestors originated – they also had close ties with British officials and colonial administration during years of development. Blog - Seguici su Twitter - Acquista un poster - Contact us by email, © December 2019 by, made available under a Creative Commons license CC BY 3.0 IGO:, Piramide della Popolazione Mondiale dal 1950 al 2100, Elenco di paesi in ordine di densità di popolazione, Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19), Age dependency ratio (% of working-age population), Antiretroviral therapy coverage for PMTCT (% of pregnant women living with HIV), Antiretroviral therapy coverage (% of people living with HIV), Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total), Children with fever receiving antimalarial drugs (% of children under age 5 with fever), Completeness of death registration with cause-of-death information (%), Diabetes prevalence (% of population ages 20 to 79), Diarrhea treatment (% of children under 5 receiving oral rehydration and continued feeding), GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$), Health expenditure per capita (current US$), Immunization, BCG (% of one-year-old children) - Turberculosis, Immunization, DPT (% of children ages 12-23 months) - Diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), and Tetanus, Immunization, HepB3 (% of one-year-old children) - Hepatitis B, Immunization, Hib3 (% of children ages 12-23 months) - Meningitis, Pneumonia, and Epiglottitis, Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months), Immunization, Polio (% of one-year-old children), Incidence of HIV (% of uninfected population ages 15-49), Incidence of malaria (per 1,000 population at risk), Incidence of tuberculosis (per 100,000 people), Labor force, female (% of total labor force), Literacy rate, adult female (% of females ages 15 and above), Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above), Literacy rate, youth male (% of males ages 15-24), People practicing open defecation, urban (% of urban population), Population ages 65 and above (% of total), Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population ages 15-49), Prevalence of overweight, female (% of female adults), Prevalence of overweight, male (% of male adults), Prevalence of overweight (% of children under 5), Prevalence of syphilis (% of women attending antenatal care), Public spending on education, total (% of GDP), Risk of impoverishing expenditure for surgical care (% of people at risk), School enrollment, secondary, male (% net), Sex ratio at birth (male births per female births), Smoking prevalence, females (% of adults), Suicide mortality rate (per 100,000 population), Tuberculosis death rate (per 100,000 people), Unemployment, total (% of total labor force),

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