achille e patroclo

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Both characters also sleep with women; see Iliad, IX.663–669. [citation needed], Attempts to edit Homer's text were undertaken by Aristarchus of Samothrace in Alexandria around 200 BC. Due to his anger at being dishonored by Agamemnon, Achilles chooses not to participate in the battle. Elizabeth Cook's 2001 verse novel, Achilles, is not sexually explicit, but a romantic relationship can be inferred. .mw-parser-output .chiarimento{background:#ffeaea;color:#444444}.mw-parser-output .chiarimento-apice{color:red}Il linguaggio dei lamenti di Achille sarà molto simile a quello usato poi da Andromaca davanti al cadavere del marito Ettore, ucciso proprio da Achille. 1 Leben 2 Beziehung zwischen Achilles und Patroklos 3 Rezeption [17] However, Sergent and others have argued that it had, though it was not reflected in Homer. Hetaîros meant companion or comrade; in Homer it is usually used of soldiers under the same commander. Nel romanzo di Madeline Miller La canzone di Achille viene mostrato il rapporto d'amore tra Achille e Patroclo dagli inizi fino alla morte di Achille. Pat Barker's "The Silence of the Girls" (2018) depicts the relationship between Achilles and Patroclus as nuanced, describing their close bond as stated in the Iliad but leaving the rest for inference. The collection Achille e Patroclo represents a specific aggregation or gathering of resources found in Internet Archive - Open Library. In a surviving fragment of the play, Achilles speaks of “the reverent company” of Patroclus’ thighs and how Patroclus was “ungrateful for many kisses.”[12][13], Pindar's comparison of the adolescent boxer Hagesidamus and his trainer Ilas to Patroclus and Achilles in Olympian 10.16-21 (476 BC) as well as the comparison of Hagesidamus to Zeus' lover Ganymede in Olympian 10.99-105 suggest that student and trainer had a romantic relationship, especially after Aeschylus' depiction of Achilles and Patroclus as lovers in his play Myrmidons. L'attaccamento di Achille e Patroclo divenne subito un legame archetipico maschile per molte coppie di uomini nella cultura greca: da Damone e Pizia fino ad Armodio e Aristogitone.[3]. He returns to battle with the sole aim of avenging Patroclus’ death by killing Hector, despite a warning that doing so would cost him his life. Il rapporto tra Achille e Patroclo è uno degli elementi chiave dei miti associati alla guerra di Troia: quale sia stata la sua effettiva natura e fino a che punto si sia spinta questa relazione tra i due eroi è stata oggetto di controversie sia nel periodo antico sia nei tempi moderni. Gli scrittori medioevali cristiani hanno deliberatamente soppresso le sfumature omoerotiche della storia[11]. The film Troy presented Patroclus as a younger relative of Achilles, without any romantic or sexual aspects. L'azione compiuta da Alessandro dimostra poi l'importanza percepita al tempo del rapporto esistente tra i due eroi[6][7]. Patroclus succeeds in beating back the Trojan forces, but is killed in battle by Hector. This can explain the overtones in Book 19 of the Iliad wherein Achilles mourns Patroclus (lines 315–337) in a similar manner used previously by Briseis (lines 287–300).[8]. As the tide of the war turns against the Achaeans, Patroclus convinces Achilles to let him lead the Myrmidon army into battle wearing Achilles’ armor. 1 Items in the Collection Achille e Patroclo. [14], In Plato’s Symposium, written c. 385 BC, the speaker Phaedrus holds up Achilles and Patroclus as an example of divinely approved lovers. Emily Hauser's "For the Most Beautiful" touches upon the relationship between Achilles and Patroclus. Homer never explicitly casts the two as lovers[1][2] but they were depicted as lovers in the archaic and classical periods of Greek literature, particularly in the works of Aeschylus, Aeschines and Plato.[3][4]. Quando Alessandro Magno giunse sulla piana di Troia assieme al suo amante Efestione nel 334 a.C., all'inizio della grande campagna asiatica che li avrebbe portati di lì a poco fino ai confini del mondo conosciuto, l'India, andarono ad onorare il sacro tumulo innalzato a perenne memoria di Achille e Patroclo: questo di fronte a tutto l'esercito schierato, e dunque si trattò di un'esplicita dichiarazione sulla natura del loro legame. Aristarchus believed that Homer did not intend the two to be lovers. Jonathan Shay, whose book Achilles in Vietnam proposes readings of the Iliad that have been helpful and therapeutically useful for the healing of mental wounds in Vietnam veterans, pointed out that their familial relationship in the Iliad must not be overlooked: Patroclus is Achilles' cousin and his foster brother; symbolically, comrades in battle are "like brothers," making the Achilles/Patroclus model useful for thinking about the intensity of Vietnam veterans' feelings of loss when their comrades fell beside them. David Halperin compares Achilles and Patroclus to the traditions of Jonathan and David, and Gilgamesh and Enkidu, which are approximately contemporary with the Iliad's composition. Achilles and Patroclus are close comrades in the fight against the Trojans. Phaedrus argues that Aeschylus erred in claiming Achilles was the erastes because Achilles was more beautiful and youthful than Patroclus (characteristics of the eromenos) as well as more noble and skilled in battle (characteristics of the erastes). A version of Achilles in DC Comics depicts a modern-day resurrected Achilles as Wonder Woman's male counterpart, who is gay. In ancient texts, philos denoted a general type of love, used for love between family, between friends, a desire or enjoyment of an activity, as well as between lovers. The rage that follows from Patroclus’ death becomes the prime motivation for Achilles to return to the battlefield. A futuristic version of Patroclus appears in the 1997 science fiction story The Masque of Agamemnon by Sean Williams and Simon Brown. Interpretazione classica del mito come relazione pederastica, Il linguaggio dei lamenti di Achille sarà molto simile a quello usato poi da, anche se questi ruoli risultano a ben vedere anacronistici ed invertiti, così come è invertito il rapporto d'età, «Serious attempts to edit Homer’s text in a scholarly fashion were made in Alexandria in the second century bce. The musical Spring Awakening, includes an offhand reference where one boy, Hanschen, entreats another, Ernst to 'do a little Achilles and Patroclus'. "Homosexuality & Civilization" by Louis Crompton. He later forms a relationship with Patroclus' reincarnation, Patrick Cleese. "[10] Most ancient writers (among the most influential Aeschylus, Plutarch, Theocritus, Martial and Lucian)[4] followed the thinking laid out by Aeschines. Byrne Fone's 2008 novel Achilles: A Love Story portrays Achilles and Patroclus as lovers. He argues that while a modern reader is inclined to interpret the portrayal of these intense same-sex male warrior friendships as being fundamentally homoerotic, it is important to consider the greater themes of these relationships: The thematic insistence on mutuality and the merging of individual identities, although it may invoke in the minds of modern readers the formulas of heterosexual romantic love […] in fact situates avowals of reciprocal love between male friends in an honorable, even glamorous tradition of heroic comradeship: precisely by banishing any hint of subordination on the part of one friend to the other, and thus any suggestion of hierarchy, the emphasis on the fusion of two souls into one actually distances such a love from erotic passion. [25] (In the Iliad, it is explicitly stated that Patroclus was the older and more responsible of the two.).

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